To make 'World without nuclear terror', 'Nuclear Security Summit' will be held at Seoul between 26th and 27th of March, with participation of 50 leaders from all around the world and representatives of international organizations.
This Summit signifies that nuclear security is discussed not only by few nations, but globally. Before 2000, Nuclear affairs had been discussed between US and Russia only, with agendas related to nuclear reduction.
But, there had been rise in possibility of nuclear possession by terrorist organizations and nations that had been developing nuclear weapon, which resulted the discussion to expand to 8 nations(G8) including China in 2002. And in 2008, the US president Barack Obama gave Prague Declaration saying "Formation of international security system in next 4 years that blocks nuclear terror" expanding the discussion to the international level in 2009.
Thereby, 1st Nuclear Security Summit was held at Washington in 2010. The leaders from 47 nations participated and discussed about the management system that could block misusage of nuclear materials and the global mutual-assistance system that could prevent manufacture of nuclear weapons.
At this Summit, there will be discussions regarding security of nuclear plants since there had been the Fukushima Nuclear Accident. The leaders of 47 nations will participate including those who are directly involved in the North Korean nuclear issues, such as US president Barack Obama, Chinese president Hu Jintao, Russian president Dmitry Medvedev and Japanese prime minister Noda Yoshihiko.
Also, the heads of international organizations including International Atomic Energy Agency, Interpol and European Union will participate to discuss about measures of cooperation to prevent nuclear terrorism. South Korean President Lee Myung-bak will host this summit as a chairman and will lead to draw the agreement 'Seoul Communique'.
The reason South Korea has been elected as the host nation is because it has been following the Non-Proliferation Treaty by claiming its strong will for denuclearization of Korean Peninsula and has built world-class technology in nuclear field by using nuclear plants in peaceful way, whereas North Korea has been developing nuclear weapon and denied international inspection.
After hosting G20 in 2010, South Korea has set an opportunity to heighten its diplomatic position in the world by hosting this summit at its capital in which the most sensitive issues like nuclear security will be discussed.