2012년 1월 10일 화요일

Non-proliferation nuclear security center, holds Korean·European expert conference '2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Symposium'



In the Session 1("2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Symposium preparation trend and agenda") was carried out with the participation of European civilian nuclear security experts such as International Institute for Strategic Studies(IISS) arms reduction and non-proliferation program director Mark Fitzpatrick, Head of Stockholm International Peace Research Institution(SIPRI) arms reduction and non-proliferation program Ian Anthony, King's College professor(Chief of Institute of Science and Security) Wyn Bowen, King's College professor Alan Heyes, research member Chris Hobbs, Lancashire University professor Laurance Williams, IISS researcher Jasper Pandza and Theo Milonopoulos.


Our delegation introduced "2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Symposim" preparation trend and main agenda in priority. Particularly, in the Symposium we have explained that 'Global Nuclear Security Governance' for the vision of nuclear security system will be discussed as a main agenda along with general nuclear security issues such as minimization of HEU usage, inducement to LEU transition, information security, nuclear detection and identification.


In response, Europe has accepted the concept of Global Governance as a resolution for nuclear security issues in the '2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Symposium' which is held through civilian and governmental partnership. Europe has assessed that as a host country of 2012 Seoul Nuclear Securiy Summit, Korea has raised new subject to the global nuclear security expert community and by suggesting long-term vision, Korea has contributed to the maintenance of the momentum. The concept of Global Governance has been used frequently in G20 or climate change but since the concept is unfamiliar especially in the field fo nuclear science·technology which is deeply related to nuclear security, it has been pointed out that active research and out-reach activity on the concept should be required.

In the Session 2("Main agenda related to the Nuclear Security") the discussions regarding △ Radioactive Security, △ Information Security, △ CoE(Center of Excellence) was held. First of all, to protect citizens from Nuclear Terrorists by securing radioactive security, there were opinions proposed that the response capability of three aspects such as, (1) identifying the cause of radioactive substance accidents, (2) sharing information domestically/internationally before and after accidents, (3) decontamination of radioactive substances after accidents, must be strengthened.

Secondly, various sensitive informations related to the Information Security exists such as security procedure of nuclear facilities and manufacturing methods of fissile material equipments. There were concerns that outflow and circulation of such informations would lead to the threat of nuclear terrorism, and they especially pointed out that the outflow of the information related to nuclear could be exposed unwittingly due to the dual use of the informations in universities and laboratories. In these concerns, there were opinions proposed that "a web of prevention" must be built to protect the sensitive informations related to the nuclear security, consisting development of the guidance of sensitive information and technology, enhancement of nuclear security culture, strengthening the international standards.

Finally, as the "housegift" at the 2010 Washington Nuclear Security Summit, 10 nations including South Korea, China, India, Brazil and Kazakhstan, promoted to establish CoE(Center of Excellence). There were proposals that the CoE could be utilised more effectively by adding functions such as △ capability concentration through expert networking, △ regional cooperation related to nuclear security, △ development of nuclear security program of 3s integrated perception, △ research of nuclear security policy, besides the function of education and training.

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