2011년 10월 19일 수요일

2012 Nuclear Sumimt Idea Contest

2012 Nuclear Sumimt Idea Contest
- From March 26th to 27th next year, 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit will be held in Seoul, Korea, where leaders from more than 50 countries and international peace delegations will discuss how to achieve world peace. We are looking for any ideas to put a good impression of Korea on thousands of foreigners visiting the country. People who visit Korea will remember the country as you show it.
How to participate?
Follow the link below and login at the bottom of the page using your social network service accounts.
Those who do not have any SNS account can participate by writing comments withouth logging in.
Suggest various ideas so that the leaders, delegations, journalists from more than 50 countries can have a wonderful impression of Korea.
How was Korea presented previously?
For G20 Summit, we used high-definition IT equipment and big screens to show videos of UNESCO-designated national treasures (Haeinsa Temple, Changdeokgung Palace, Jeju Island) of Korea and natural sceneries.
For Korea-ASEAN Commemorative Summit, we displayed Korea’s advanced water circulation system using graphics and videos.
For APEC, we displayed Korean food such as kimchi and rice cake on an open stand and visitors had sample taste of Korean dish.
Other considerations
Anyone residing in Korea can participate(foreigners as well).
Upload any image or video on sharing site, and post the link on your comment.
Chosen exhibit ideas will be set up as separate booths within the 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit Media Center to promote Korea.
You can participate for more than one time, and there is no limit on how many times you can participate.
Photos and videos taken using cellphones can be used.
When?
You can participate from Oct 7th, 2011(Fri). to Oct 28th, 2011(Fri).
When does the result comoe out?
On Nov 4th, 2011. usernames of the nominated ideas will be released on 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit website(http://www.seoulnss.go.kr).
Your ideas will be evaluated on creativity, viability, and objectivitiy by a professional panel.
What are the prizes?
1st Place (Nuclear Summit Prize) – 1 Idea
Galaxy Tab 10.1
2nd Place (Peace Prize) – 5 Ideas
2 Foldable Bicycles, 2 Digital Cameras, 1 Navigation System
3rd Plcae (Excellence Prize) – 200 Ideas
Angel-in-us Coffee Coupon

2011년 10월 10일 월요일

OECD preparation conference, an agreement on drawing new development cooperation paradigm in HLF-4 next month

At the OECD Working Party on Aid Effectiveness(WP-EFF) conference held in Paris on last October 6th and 7th, potentially agreed to  include new paradigm that enhances substantial impact and effectiveness of development cooperation activities through comprehensive cooperations not only between traditionally developed and developing countries but also between newly-emerging countries, private corporations and civil society in the conclusion document of Busan High Level Forum

This conference is a last OECD conference to prepare for Busan High Level Forum, and about 300 representatives of developed countries, developing countries, international organizations, private enterprises and civil society has participated, and the representatives of newly-emerging countries such as China, Brazil and Mexico who had showed passive reactions in development dicussions led by developed countries also participated and actively made statements.

HLF-4, which will be held in Busan, South Korea, is a major, high-level conference in development cooperation area. In this year, ministers from 100 countries and heads of 40 international organizations in total 2,500 top personnel will be attending the conference. Including UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon, OECD secretary-general Angel Gurria, prime minister of Ethiopia, Solomon island, East Timor and US secretary of state Hillary Clinton etc.

The Master Show: The Master of Kimbap 110329


Byung Man Kim is nominated for 2011 International Emmys Awards

2011년 10월 9일 일요일

Q&A About 2012 Nuclear Security Summit (16-20)

Q16. How are nuclear security, nuclear disarmament, and nuclear nonproliferation different from each other?

Nuclear Security
Nuclear security denotes measures to prevent nuclears materials from getting in the hands of the terrorists. IAEA defines nuclear security as "prevention and detection of, and response to, theft, sabotage, unauthorized access, illegal transfer or other malicious acts involving nuclear material, other radioactive substances or their associated facilities".
Nuclear Disarmament
Nuclear disarmament means to decrease the number of countries having nuclear weapons. For example, the U.S. and Russia signed New START treaty in 2010 to decrase the number of operational nuclear warheads to 1,550.
Nuclear Nonproliferation
Nuclear nonprolieferation includes measures to prevent countries other than the ones allowed under NPT (U.S., Russia, Great Britian, France, China) to make nuclear weapons and to protect the right of using nuclear energy in peaceful way.
Major measures for nuclear security
- minimize nuclear materials
- prevent sabotage on nuclear reactors
- setting design basis threat
- nuclear accounting
- nuclear forensics
- border control
- ban illicit trafficking
- transport security
- information security


Q. 17 What are international norms related nuclear security?

International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism(ICSANT)
● Came into effect in July 2007
● Signed by 115 nations , Ratified and Joined by 77 nations(2011.9.2 Criteria)
● Activity of damaging nuclear facilities using methods of devising, possessing, using, releasing nuclear and radioactive materials in purpose of life killing, destruction of property and environment are designatd as crime and punished

Revised Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material(CPPNM)
● Announced in 1987, Amendments adopted in July 2005
● Each country within jurisdiction fullfils suitable protection managements on nuclear materials within the coutry and that are being transported internationally, and apply punishment according to domestic laws on robbery, embezzlement and extortion of nuclear materials
● Especially, Revised CPPNM added protective measures on nuclear facilities

UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (compulsory norms)
● Adopted to block the expansion of WMD on terror groups in April 2004
● Made an Obligation of legislation and execution of control on nonproliferation and exports, and regulated to submit a nation report including domestic actions within 6 months


Q.18 What are  the international cooperative activities that have been conducted for nuclear security until now?

G8 Global partnership
● Backgroud : after 9.11 terror, it was founded in June 2002 at G8 summit for administration and regulation of formal soviet-Union's WMD(Participation of 25 nations)
● Key Projects : Reinforcement of facility protection of nuclear materials, Chemical Equipment Disposal, Scientists re-employment and so on within Russia and Ukraine      
● The Republic of Korea participated in June 2004 and has contributed $4,600,000 till 2010

Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism(GICNT)
● Backgroud : Founded in July 2006, led by USA and Russia to prevent illigal trades of nuclear materials and promote exchange of information on nuclear terrorism countermeasures
● Participation of 82 nations and 4 observers (IAEA, EU, Interpol and UNODC)
● The Republic of Korea held GICNT general assembly (From June 29th  to June 30th in Daejun)


Q 19. What implications does the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident give to nuclear security?

The method of nuclear terrorism or radiological terrorism has been recognized as terrorists mainly manufacturing nuclear or radiological explosive devices by acquiring nuclear materials.

However, after the leakage of nuclear radiation on the accident in Fukushima, which happened by a failure in the cooling system of the nuclear power plant, awareness has increased that similar damage can occur, such as the malfunctioning of important parts of the nuclear facilities or nuclear destruction or sabotage due to vehicle crashes, rather than seizing nuclear material.


Q 20. What is Korea's nuclear security system and policies?

National Laws related to nuclear security
● Atomic Energy Law
○ After the amendment of the "Atomic Energy Law" in 1995, some concerns related to nuclear security are reflected
○ Guarantee physical protection measures for nuclear facilities and the transportation of nuclear material
● Measures for physical protection and prevention of radiation of nuclear facilities
○ Disaster Protection Law enacted in 2004
○ Set protective measures for nuclear facilities and nuclear materials, and introduce the system of inspection and examination to check the implementation.

The Korea Institute of Nuclear Nonproliferation and Control was established
● Based on the Atomic Energy Law revised in 2005, the Korea Institute of Nuclear Nonproliferation and Control, a firm that conducts measures of safety and physical protection for nuclear facilities and nuclear materials, was established in 2006.
● Inspects regularly the state of protection of Korea's nuclear facilities and through education and training of protection, operates and maintains national nuclear security systems

Expected the Installation of the Nuclear Safety Commission
● After the accident in the Fukushima nuclear power plant, the new Nuclear Safety Commission, by ministers who work for the president to control nuclear safety and nuclear security issues and to strengthen the supervision, will be installed during 2011.

2011년 10월 4일 화요일

Q&A About 2012 Nuclear Security Summit (11-15)

Q11. How is Seoul Nuclear Security Summit being prepared?

Installation of Nuclear Security Summit Preparatory Commitee and Preparatory Secretariat
● October, 2010. Installation of "Nuclear Security Summit Preparatory Commitee"

Chairman: Prime Minister
Vice-chairman: Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Member of the Commitee: Minister of Strategy and Finance, Minister of Education, Science and Technology, Minister of Unification, Minister of Justice, Minister of Public Administration and Security, Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Minister of Knowledge Economy, Director of National Intelligence Service, Presidential cheif of Staff, Direcotr of the Office of the Prime Minister, Director of the Korea Communications Commission, The Chairman of PCNB, Commissioner of the Presidential Security, Direcotr of the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Director of the Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Director of the Korea Institute of Nuclear Non-Proliferaton& Control, President of the Korea Electric Power Corporation, President of the Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Corporation

●March, 2011. Installation of "Nuclear Security Summit Preparatory Planning Group" (Leader: the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade)

Participating Nation's SherpaㆍSous-Sherpa Meeting

●Sherpa Meeting: Buenos Aires(2010.11), Helsinki(2011.10), India(2012.1), Seoul(Just Before the Nuclear Summit)

●Sous-Sherpa Meeting: Vienna(2011.3), Seoul(2011.6)


Q12. How does negotiations preparing Nuclear Security Summit occur between the nations?

After the 2009 Washington nuclear security summit, nations made a progress in negotiation by appointing Sherpa and Sous-Sherpa to discuss agendas and make progress practicaly.

Also Seoul security summit is making a progress by each nations' Sherpa and Sous-Sherpa discussion. Normal summit preparation requires 3~4 Sherpa discussion, between this time, Sous-Sherpa discussion is being holded.

Why do we call bargaining agent "Sherpa"?
When climbing Himalaya we usually call person who carries burden and guides the way a "Sherpa", which means "People who came from the east" in Tibetan. Recently, we often call heads who prepare summit "Sherpa". Also G20 Summit heads had been called "Sherpa".


Q.13 Do nuclear problems of North Korea handle as agendas in Seoul nuclear security summit?

The nuclear problems of north korea which is a nuclear nonproliferation are different from nuclear security issues

Basically, Nuclear problems of North Korea and Iran are kinds of nuclear nonproliferation issues controlled by each political solution mechanism(the six- party talks or P5+1 concultative groups), NPT, United nations security council and IAEA. So these are not main agendas in nuclear security summit. Although North Korea doesn't have problems of nuclear facilities and control of Substances about safety of nuclear and atomic power, these facilities and substnces should be removed targets as aspects of nuclear nonproliferation. In this context, Mr.Lee myung-bak who is a president of the Republic of Korea suggested invitation to Kim jung-il chairman with nonproliferation agreement between North Korea and international society May 2011 in Berlin. Gathering and dicussion with world 50 reprentatives about nuclear secuirity will be messages to North Korea for giving up nuclear and coming out international society

What is different between nuclear security and nuclear nonproliferation?

Nuclear security which protects nuclears and radioactive substances to prevent nuclear and radioactive terror is a distinguishing concept against nuclear nonproliferation which purpose is a preventing development of nuclear weapon


Q14. How will issues on "Nuclear safety" be treated in the Seoul Summit?
 
Nuclear Safety requires nuclear security and complementary development
Like the implications that can be found in the situation of the Fukushima nuclear power plant, the result of a terrorist attack on nuclear facilities would not be much different from a nuclear accident, and even that the response requires a similar approach, nuclear security and nuclear safety need to complementarily devise each other.

Nuclear security is a prerequisite for the peaceful use of nuclear energy
As the study of the correlation between nuclear safety and nuclear security through which the parties get mutually strengthen gets deeper, the peaceful use of nuclear energy can be further facilitated.

We expect nuclear safety issues to be addressed in the context of nuclear security reinforcement
For the reason that the Nuclear Security Summit is a summit forum to strengthen nuclear security, the Seoul Summit will continue to treat nuclear security issues as a central theme.
However, nuclear safety issues focused in the Nuclear Security Summit to achieve the goal of nuclear security in terms of what can be helpful and whether or not to deal with the empathy of participating countries is taking place.


Q 15.  Will 'radioactivity terror' issue be also discussed in Seoul Nuclear Security Summit?

'Security of a radioactive substance' issue will be aslo discussed
Discussions about security of a radioactive substance will be more emphasized in Seoul Summit than in Washington Summit.
A dirty bomb is easy to obtain materials and produce bombs, so the damage is relatively smaller than the nuclear terror. However, the seriousness of the threat is bigger because it has a higher possible occurence than the nucelar terror.
Also, as you can see from the 'Fukushima Disaster', citizens have fears for radiation exposure same as fears for nuclear terror.

Radioactive substances are often stolen and lost
According to the database data of IAEA's International Illegal Trade from 1995 up to now, Examples about two thirds of robbery·loss of nuclear substances/radioactive substances actually belongs to radioactive substances.
From this point of view, actions among countries and international cooperation must be considered to strengthen the safety management of radioactive substances, and South Korea will try to make advances in this direction during the Summit.

KARA - Step